Research and development (R&D) are critical components of the innovation ecosystem, and USACM work in this area supports R&D in general as well as specific computing initiatives like the National Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) program. How R&D is conducted matters at least as much as the amount of federal support for it. Unfortunately, other policy interests can crowd out legitimate research and development. National security, intellectual property, and law enforcement concerns can restrict the flow of technology and have a chilling effect on research. A concern for USACM is making sure that useful and necessary research into technologies can be conducted without undue interference. Effective research and development policy must find the proper balance amongst occasionally competing interests.